Historical heritage

On the Karst we find a lot of the prehistoric hill forts, where the hilly and stony Karst surface welcomed man and allowed him to protect himself. The first ancient sites can be dated back to the Middle Bronze Age and were built until the Iron Age and the proceeding arrival of the Romans. Hill forts were made from stone walls, the shape, height, and width of which depended on the morphology of the karst surface and on the purpose of the settlement. They were very well fortified especially in regions that were easily accessible. In other areas, the enclosures were protected by an ordinary thick wall, the remains of which have left a special impression on today’s landscape. Inside the walls, quadrangle shaped cottages were common, made of stone or wood. They consisted of a living area with a fireplace and a storeroom. Burial mounds were also typical of these fortified settlements, which were always located outside the settlements, or in family vaults. The identity of the first inhabitants of these hill forts is still not known, but according to Roman sources, ancient Istrians, a population of Illyrian origin, are believed to have lived in them.

In the Municipality of Komen, the largest site was found in Volčji Grad, whereas smaller ones can be found in Ivanji Grad, Škrbina, Sveto, Hruševica, Kobdilj, and Štanjel. Settlements were rarely built and inhabited during the Middle Ages. 

Debela griža, Volčji Grad

The biggest prehistoric hill fort of the municipality.

Gledanica, Štanjel

Štanjel Hill or Turn lies on the edge that separates the Karst Plateau and the Vipava Valley.

Hill fort, Ivanji Grad

The remains of a prehistoric hill fort.

Prehistoric hill fort in St. Katherine, Škrbina

Remains of a heavily fortified prehistoric hill fort.

The hill fort Martinišče, Sveto

Two hill forts combined into one (Martinišče and Sv. Miklavž).