Producing refošk, the most important grape variety of the Karst wine – growing region, and red wine known by the name Teran with a recognized traditional designation (PTP), probably started around the beginning of the Christian era. In the first century A.D. THE Roman historian Pliny wrote that the empress Julia, the emperor Augustus' wife, ascribed her advanced age, eighty – two years, to her drinking »pucino«. This wine was grown on the stony hills not far form the source of the Timav River. Pliny also wrote that there was no wine which would be more beneficial for health. In the middle ages, the City of Udine in the nearby Friuli region offered Teran to important visitors when they first came to the city. In the 19th century, Teran was very popular and the most expensive wine in Trieste.

Wine with recognized traditional designation
So Teran, this vigorous, dark ruby wine, remains the great son of the Karst red soil (terra rosa or jerina), originating from solid limestone strata. The result of the mixture of the Mediterranean, continental and alpine climates, diligent hands of winegrowers and knowledge is a unique wine of world reoun, made in stony Karst cellars in autumn. The Karst therefore the region  where caring winegrowers press shining dark »Refošk« grapes every autumn and put all their effort and skills into producing Teran PTP.

Teran is an indigeous Slovenian wine protected with a recognized traditional designation and produced from the refošk grape variety. Consumers recognize this wine by the »teran PTP« designation and by the »izbrani teran PTP« for wines of very high quality.

This special wine is grown on the Karst plateau in the western part of Slovenia.

Its distinctive traits are intensive dark ruby red color, special fruit bouqet, fulness of aroma, higher concentration of lactic acid than in other wines and high extract. Teran has a moderate alcohol level, typically higher total acids and lactic acid, that gives the wine its velvety softness. In comparison with other red wines, it has typically higher concentrations of polyphenol substances. That is why it is considered a health – promoting wine. The high content of these natural antioxidants is partly the characteristic of the variety and partly the result of traditional methods for producing Teran.

Teran is traditionally accompanied by the Karst dried ham, pršut (prosciutto). It is usuallly served with strong and seasoned cheese, salamis, pancetta, red meat, vension, etc.

Back in 1910, Maksimilijan Ripper described this wine in his booklet the Karst Teran:

Teran is neither heavy nor thick,
Neither acrid nor fat,
Neither soft nor limp,
Neither blunt nor dead,
Neither stuffy nor stale,
Nor is it gentle or sweet.

Rather it is full and strong,
It is fragrant, flowery and sharp,
It is robust and steely,
It is vigorous and fresh,
Full of life, sprinkling and tickling,
It is dark and shining like ruby.

»I came to the Karst and found my health again«

Srečko Kosovel

»Today I feel the Day of the Living.
My heart is bubbling over with joy,
My soul is jolly
As if it had been drinking the Karst teran«

Oton Župančič

Teran liker PTP
Karst winegrowers also produce Teranov liker, an aromatized wine protected with a recognized traditional designation. Teranov liker PTP goes well with sweets such as štruklji (rolled dumplings), orehova potica (nut roll), etc.